Piggery Farming in Nigeria 2022- Plan To Get Started And Benefits

Africa’s largest pig farming industry


In Nigeria, pig farming is a serious business and should be treated as such. For the most part, the general public believes that pig farming is as simple as purchasing pigs, creating pens, and then hiring staff to oversee the operation. Everyone would have a pig farm if it were so simple, but pig farming, like any other farming endeavor, necessitates a significant investment of time, effort, and patience before any measurable benefits can be realized.


how to start pig farming in Nigeria


Many people in Nigeria are well aware that pork meat is frequently consumed in the country, and many people will pay significant sums to get their hands on a piece of pork flesh. You’ll agree with me that pig farming is a tremendously profitable business in Nigeria that only a few people have managed to tap into due to the strong demand.


Starting a pig-farming business in Nigeria is as simple as following these steps.



1.   Location


Choosing a location is the first step in launching your big business. No, I’ve never had the opportunity to visit one. If this is the case, you’ve probably noticed a peculiar odor emanating from that location. That’s why it’s critical to pick a location that’s far enough away from residential areas to avoid upsetting those who live there. Land in rural locations will be cheaper for you, so keep an eye out for that.


2.   Make a pen out of wood.


If you want your pigs to feel safe and secure, you need to build your pen accordingly. Pigs can be permitted to roam about their farm a few times a week and still be well behaved. In addition to keeping your pigs secure, a pen will allow you to monitor them. Because pigs like to wallow to keep warm, the pen should have well-stocked water and food supply and a well-contained wallow.


3.   Piglets can be purchased.


As a newcomer to the pig industry, it’s best to purchase a modest number of piglets at a time. This will allow you to become more familiar with the company and its operations as well as gain some practical experience before going on to a larger project.


  • Research the breeds you’ll be dealing with before purchasing any pigs.


  • We have wild breeds, local breeds, and crossbreds. Before making a purchase, be sure you weigh the benefits and drawbacks.


  • You don’t want to end up paying extra money on immunizations because you bought a breed you weren’t familiar with.


  • Because of this, you must exercise extreme caution when purchasing piglets and ensure that they are healthy.


4.   Hire staff.


Hiring employees is one of the first steps in setting up a pig farm in Nigeria. These are the folks who will help you raise and care for your piglets until they are old enough to be put up for adoption or sale. Before employing your staff, make sure to ask questions and acquire enough positive feedback from your potential hires to ensure that you are making the right choice. In addition, it’s important to have a working knowledge of running a pig farm.


5.   Pigs need to be fed.


Feeding your pigs accounts for 70% of your spending; therefore, you must understand how to manage pig feedings. Regardless of whether you feed them foreign feed or local feed, you must learn how to feed them locally because foreign feed is typically more expensive.



6.   Please take care of your pigs.


  • This necessitates feeding, watering, cleaning, and, if required, immunizing them.


  • Environmental sanitation is an important part of keeping your pigs healthy.


  • A dirty environment is a breeding ground for insects and other creatures that could infect the animals.


  • Also, try to obtain a veterinary doctor who can help you keep an eye out for any new infections or diseases that may pop up from time to time.



In Nigeria, pig farming has many advantages.



Feeding pigs is a very inexpensive expense in comparison to other farm animals. In comparison to other farm animals, pigs excel at digesting and metabolizing food.


Its main source of food is decomposing organic matter. You can collect chaff or leftovers from sectors like bakeries, palm kernel extraction companies, and so on.


All of these can be purchased, soaked, and then combined. In contrast to poultry, where you must buy a standard feed for your chicks and incur additional fees, this will allow you to run your pig business with a lower initial investment.


Because you can feed your pigs yam peels from the kitchen as well as other kitchen waste, you can save a great deal of money and time on foreign feed. It’s critical that you understand how to feed your pigs locally, which is a term I use interchangeably with “local feeding.”



The ability to produce goods quickly


Pig farming has several advantages, including the fact that pigs reproduce far more quickly than other animals.


  • A pig can give birth to 12 to 14 piglets at once.


  • Pigs typically give birth after a gestation period of 4 months, which includes the time it takes to cross the animal.


  • After delivering, give your meal for four weeks, to avoid the mother looking ill after feeding up to 14 new piglets 10 times a day.


The market is expanding.


Despite the segregation of hog meat by some religious views, There has been an increase in the demand for pork meat in Nigeria, where it is particularly popular.


Places like Akwa Ibom, Abia, the Waterways, and Bayelsa mostly use pork meat in their events, and when you drive inside these places, 70 percent of the meat you see on the roadside is swine meat. As a way to demonstrate the market’s rapid growth and profitability,

expenses are low.



Pigs, as already stated, are known for their voracious appetites. I’m not saying you should regularly give them this, but in the event of a crisis, you can get them some food from your farm or kitchen.


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