Chicken Business in Nigeria: A Step-by-Step Guide for Getting Started

Guide to Poultry Business Start-Ups

People in Nigeria think the poultry business involves buying a large number of chicks, feeding them constantly, and then making millions at the end of every sale. This is not the case, and everyone in Nigeria can’t start a poultry business if it were that easy to do so.

If you’re serious about making money in the poultry industry, you’ll need to become well-versed in the ins and outs of it.

Here, we’ll go over the most important things you need to know about the poultry business, as well as the challenges you may face as a newbie in the industry. You must read this article thoroughly, as it will help you succeed in your poultry business.

Due to population growth and urbanization, poultry and other livestock products are becoming increasingly popular in Nigeria and other African countries. One of Nigeria’s fastest-growing agricultural sectors is poultry farming. Nigeria’s poultry sector, according to ThisDay Newspaper, was worth over N1.2 trillion in 2017.

Nigerian egg production is the largest in Africa, followed by South Africa’s production. In 2003, Nigeria outlawed the importing of chickens (except for day-old chicks), which sparked an increase in domestic poultry production. Over 90% of Nigeria’s chickens are raised in backyards or on farms with fewer than 1,000 birds, making the industry severely fragmented.

Chicken farming is the most popular type of poultry farming, with farmers receiving a large number of chickens regularly, either for their eggs or meat. Since the end products, chicken and eggs, are in high demand, poultry farming is a valuable business since it seems to be a potent source of animal protein other than fish, hogs, and cattle.

Plan before starting a poultry farm in Nigeria.

First and foremost, you must lay out a plan before you begin your poultry business, and you can’t do this on the spur of the moment. If you want to flourish in Nigeria’s poultry industry, you need a strategy.

When starting a poultry business, it’s crucial to have an idea of what your birds will consume and how much they will eat for the first five or six months of their lives.

Remember that for the first five or six months of your poultry business, you won’t be making any money from it. Therefore, it’s a good idea to set aside a specific amount of money to cover the cost of raising your birds.

Get Your Hands On Some Property

It is possible to select a plot of lands, such as 120 by 60, 2 hectares, six plots, or more, depending on the scope of your project. Consider a few things before deciding on land for your poultry operation.

Poultry farmers shouldn’t spend a lot of money on land; instead, they should focus on finding affordable, efficient property for their operations. In rural locations, the land is usually preferable to land in metropolitan areas since urban land is quite pricey.

Getting land near a residential or industrial area is not recommended because of the noise and odour that these birds produce, and if it is an industrial area, the noise and pollution from those industries will disturb and inconvenience the birds. It would be recommended you set up a poultry business in developing areas, i.e., areas that aren’t yet developed. 

These tips could be utilized for getting land;

  • Don’t get land near a residential or industrial area
  • Due to the noise and odour that these birds produce, It won’t be advisable for you to set up a business near a residential or industrial area because the noise and odour from these birds might inconvenience people living around that area. 
  • If it is an industrial area, the noise and pollution from those industries will disturb

Note: The area should have basic amenities like water, and electricity and should be neat. You wouldn’t want your birds to die of thirst or stay in darkness every night; they must be provided with neat water and light at night.

Workplaces should be filled with people.

If you want to start a major poultry operation, you need to think about hiring employees. You must be training every employee who will be involved in your poultry business, and you can do so by hiring an experienced poultry farmer who has been in the business for at least three or four years to do so.

Chicken pens or cages

We have a variety of pens for poultry birds based on their stage of development, and it’s best to utilize a brooding enclosure for young birds.

Chicks that are a month, two months, or three months old are housed in this brooding pen, which satisfies their needs and shields them from too much cold and heat. If you are not cautious, your chicks could perish as a result of the smallest mistake you make. 

At the outset, you must think about the types of chicks you will raise. In poultry farming, there are primarily two types of chicks to consider.

The two types of chicks to consider are:

  • Specially bred chickens known as “broilers” are raised solely for their meat.
  • Layers are a breed of chicken bred only to lay eggs.

Knowing what kind of chick to raise and what kind of food and vaccines to give them when they become sick is all made easier by knowing the sort of chick you’re raising.

Buying chicks from the wrong source can have a detrimental impact on your poultry business, so you must be extremely careful. 

Obstacles in Nigeria’s Poultry Business

Many poultry farmers face the challenge of having to buy new feed for their birds every day because of the poor quality of the feed they’ve been using. You need to be extremely careful when purchasing feed for your birds.

If you feed your birds damp, sandy, or rotting foods, you may wind up spending a lot of money treating your birds and risking the death of most of them, if not all.

High mortality rates, high costs of chicken feed, low-quality chicks available, and limited access to and high costs of veterinary services were among the difficulties cited by the authors in their report on the poultry industry. 

The solutions to these problems are not too far fetched, and they include veterinary intervention to prevent cub losses due to disease; the provision of technical know-how to poultry keepers through extension services; and the encouragement of poultry farmers to form cooperative societies or join existing ones to be eligible for business loans. Addressing these problems is essential to increasing the number of poultry farmers.

It’s time to promote your poultry products.

The market must be studied and researched before you begin raising hens, and you must know what they want and how much. Consider getting the names and phone numbers of people who might be interested in your product, as well as the top buyers in your area. Ask them how much they can buy from you and write it down if you can.

You can imagine how unhappy a poultry farmer would be if he or she had to sell his or her products at a set price even though there was no profit to be made because of market price controls. After all, poultry farmers spend a significant amount of money on feeding, treating, and managing their flocks.

Several farms employ marketing experts who are paid commissions for each sale and bonuses if they meet a certain sales goal. You can exploit these marketplaces to your advantage by offering them lucrative commissions and bonuses. If you have a lot of chickens or eggs to offer, it’s a good idea to incorporate these commissions into your selling price.


When it comes to starting your poultry farm, patience and perseverance are essential. I hope you have learned something today that will help your business, and if so, please stick to these guidelines as you climb the ladder of success. 

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